Impossible promises
Blaming the “dissidents”
The true people have a unified culture
Sports metaphors
“There are no options”
Reference to homeland
“Threat to our language”
Glorifying the past
Opposing the elite
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Colloquialisms or dialect
Us against them
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Leader doing physical work
“Cool” hand signs
Generalisation based on an individual case
War metaphors
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
“The people” without a definition
“The people know that...”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Mention of basic values
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
The people have shared values