Nostalgic notions of nationality
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
One-liners from popular entertainment
Made-up sayings
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Leader doing physical work
“The people know that...”
Glorifying the past
Reference to homeland
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Made-up numbers
The true people have a unified culture
Blaming the “dissidents”
Us against them
Opposing the elite
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
“The people want...”
Generalisation based on an individual case
“Threat to our language”
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
Mention of basic values
“Cool” hand signs
“My children...”