Leader doing physical work
The true people have a unified culture
Impossible promises
One-liners from popular entertainment
“Threat to our language”
Glorifying the past
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
Mention of basic values
“The people” without a definition
“The people want...”
Opposing the elite
War metaphors
“There are no options”
Made-up sayings
Us against them
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Blaming the “dissidents”
The people have shared values
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
“The people know that...”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Fearmongering
Nostalgic notions of nationality
“My children...”