Made-up numbers
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
Generalisation based on an individual case
Sports metaphors
A certain group is not part of “the people”
The true people have a unified culture
“There are no options”
Us against them
“The people know that...”
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Impossible promises
Glorifying the past
“The people want...”
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
One-liners from popular entertainment
Opposing the elite
Made-up sayings
Nostalgic notions of nationality
“Threat to our language”
The people have shared values
“Cool” hand signs
Colloquialisms or dialect
Blaming the “dissidents”
Leader doing physical work