“There are no options”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
“The people want...”
War metaphors
Us against them
Blaming the “dissidents”
Leader doing physical work
“Threat to our language”
The true people have a unified culture
Colloquialisms or dialect
Sports metaphors
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Opposing the elite
“My children...”
Impossible promises
Generalisation based on an individual case
Reference to homeland
Mention of basic values
“The people know that...”
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Made-up numbers
“The people” without a definition
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Made-up sayings