Nostalgic notions of nationality
Glorifying the past
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Sports metaphors
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
“The people know that...”
Fearmongering
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Colloquialisms or dialect
“Threat to our language”
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Oversimplifying a complex issue
“The people want...”
Reference to homeland
One-liners from popular entertainment
“There are no options”
Us against them
“My children...”
Opposing the elite
Impossible promises
The people have shared values
The true people have a unified culture
Made-up numbers