Glorifying the past
“The people know that...”
Mention of basic values
“The people” without a definition
“There are no options”
Generalisation based on an individual case
Blaming the “dissidents”
Reference to homeland
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Sports metaphors
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Made-up numbers
Leader doing physical work
“Cool” hand signs
The people have shared values
“The people want...”
“My children...”
Impossible promises
“Threat to our language”
Us against them
The true people have a unified culture
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Made-up sayings