Nostalgic notions of nationality
“Cool” hand signs
Colloquialisms or dialect
Sports metaphors
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Blaming the “dissidents”
“Threat to our language”
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Mention of basic values
“My children...”
Made-up numbers
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
The true people have a unified culture
The people have shared values
Generalisation based on an individual case
“There are no options”
War metaphors
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
“The people know that...”
Made-up sayings
“The people want...”
Oversimplifying a complex issue
One-liners from popular entertainment
Us against them