Oversimplifying a complex issue
“The people” without a definition
“Cool” hand signs
Blaming the “dissidents”
“The people know that...”
Made-up sayings
One-liners from popular entertainment
War metaphors
Sports metaphors
Glorifying the past
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Made-up numbers
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Generalisation based on an individual case
“The people want...”
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Reference to homeland
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
Us against them
A certain group is not part of “the people”
The true people have a unified culture
Colloquialisms or dialect
Mention of basic values