Oversimplifying a complex issue
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Glorifying the past
Us against them
The true people have a unified culture
Reference to homeland
War metaphors
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
One-liners from popular entertainment
Mention of basic values
Colloquialisms or dialect
“The people know that...”
Made-up numbers
Leader doing physical work
Nostalgic notions of nationality
“Cool” hand signs
Impossible promises
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
“There are no options”
Made-up sayings
Sports metaphors
“The people want...”
“The people” without a definition
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
Blaming the “dissidents”