Oversimplifying a complex issue
Mention of basic values
Glorifying the past
Leader doing physical work
The true people have a unified culture
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Us against them
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Colloquialisms or dialect
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Blaming the “dissidents”
Made-up numbers
“Cool” hand signs
“There are no options”
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
War metaphors
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
“My children...”
Impossible promises
“The people want...”
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
“Threat to our language”
Opposing the elite
Sports metaphors